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Bad Oeynhausen
 
Bad Oeynhausen played host to many formations at one time or another at the end of World War 2 and in the following years. Many of these formations and units were founded here and then moved on to other locations.
 
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HQ BAOR  1945 to October 1954 (1)
HQ BAOR Signal Regiment (2)
HQ NORTHAG Signal Regiment (3)
18th Army Group Signal Regiment (4)
1 Corps Signal Regiment (5)
 4 Base Workshops REME circa 1955
 
(1) HQ BAOR was established here before moving to Rheindalen in about October 1954.
(2) Redesignated HQ NORTHAG Sig Regt 1952.
(3) Redesignated 18th Army Group Sig Regt 1953. Moved to Krefeld possibly 1958.
(4) Remained in Bad Oeynhausen after HQ BAOR moved to Rheindalen.
(5) Formation date possibly 1951.
 
Details shown are used with the kind permission of Richard A. Rinaldi, co-author of The British Army in Germany (BAOR And After): An Organisational History 1947 - 2004.
 
Brian Thomas has sent a link regarding Bad Oeynhausen that can be found here. There is much more in that link if you care to use the "Search" function, too much to list. I will leave it to those who visit to look through it.
 
I was called up for my National Service with REME in January 1954, at Bovington Camp, Dorset, in six inches of solid ice. After 3 weeks we were transferred to Barton Stacy to complete our training. Following embarkation leave we were sent to 4th Inf Wksp at Duisburg for allocation etc. I went to 6th Inf Wksp at Dortmund, Redesdale Barracks, in April 1954 and stayed there until September 1955 when I was promoted to Sgt and moved to 4 Base Workshops at Bad Oeynhausen from where I was demobbed in January 1956.
 
4 Base Wksp at Bad Oeynhausen was located in the massive workshops which before the War belonged to a firm called Eisenwerk Weserhütte. They made heavy earth moving equipment etc. 4 Base Wksp was completely civilianised with REME personnel acting as liaison people in each department. I was in the drawing office. The base had complete rebuild programmes for Scamell recovery tractors, 14 ton lorries, 3 ton Bedfords and Austins, Jeeps and surprisingly VWs Beetles. I believe that the original owners took over in the late fifties or early sixties and started manufacturing their original products.
22992585 Sgt Bill Burkey
 
 
HQ, BAOR, Bad Oeynhausen, 1945.  If you know anything about the building and would like to add your comment please click here.
 
I seem to remember about 50 of us mixed NS (National Service) units from UK arriving there (of the above photo) from Osnabrück station one Sunday afternoon in late April 1953. We were bedded down in the main hall  overnight pending our onward postings next day. I was RMP and given a rail voucher to Dissen on an old rattler of a train with wooden seats. There I was picked up by Jeep and taken to Bad Rothenfelde which was 1 Corps RMP HQ in those days before the move to Bielefeld (Ripon Bks) in October 1953! One thing that I clearly remember was the wrought ironwork in the building-swastikas - does anyone else have any information?.
Redcap
 
 
The town itself was not home to a barracks, so the British Army occupied the local Kurpark (Spa, see below).
 
After the war the city was closed for the people of Bad Oeynhausen, and 2/3 of the inner city was fenced in with barbed wire. The people in this area had to leave their homes within 24 hours and what was left in the houses was burned by some (not all) of the British soldiers, regardless of being precious, sentimental or important to the owners. Also excrement was deposited in rooms or on beds......you see, not all the houses were used for accommodation.
 
HQ BAOR wasn't in the former HQ of the Gestapo, for the simple reason that there was not a Gestapo quarter in the city. The Gestapo HQ would usually be situated in the city of the respective county administration, in this case Herford, Lübbecke and Minden.
 
What is described as the Gestapo HQ was and  still is a hotel; The " Hotel Königshof" (Court of the King). In the war, there was no need for such a big hotel and so it became a forces hospital to the Wehrmacht, under the command of the local German authorities, until the British came arrived. The hotel changed its front in the 1970s, but is still used as hotel ) and  can be viewed by clicking here; Hotel Königshof
 
The BAOR (4 Heavy Workshop REME) occupied part of the (Eisenwerk Weserhütte) building until 1958. After that the entire complex was used again by Weserhütte to build heavy earth moving equipment.
Christian Kuhlmann
 
The image above was taken at Gut Ostenwalde where Monty initially lived. It is to the north of Melle and some 17km NW of Bad Oeyenhausen. The property was later used as Church House until it moved to Lubbecke.
From the book; "Drei Jahre nach Null - Geschichte der britischen Besatzungszone 1945-1948" by Wolfgang Trees, Charles Whiting and Thomas Omansen.
 
1952 - Kurpark and other rank's NAAFI.
Courtesy of Ted Nann 22630273
 
 
These houses were used for accommodation and were also used as married quarters for the NCO's. This particular one on Porta Straße  housed the 6th. Medium Wireless Troop, L.of C. Signal Regiment.
Courtesy of Ted Nann 22630273
 
 
Bedford with driver Wally Groves - he could park it on a tanner/sixpence.
 
In Bad Oeynhausen our function (6th Medium Wireless Troop) was to provide the communications during manoeuvres/schemes during war/play with each unit usually consisting of a Crew Commander(me) or an officer, 2 other operators and a driver. We used a Bedford type Command Vehicle(CV). The wireless used was a 52 set and sometimes we carried the smaller 19 set, which was less powerful. We were deployed as a single unit with supplies on board to a specific map reference, this could last two or so days, on larger schemes we were attached to infantry regiments to provide their communications.
Courtesy of Ted Nann 22630273
 
Some literature for those who can read German: Rico Quaschny (Ed.): Bad Oeynhausen zwischen Krieg und Frieden. Kriegsende und Besatzungszeit in Zeitzeugnissen und Erinnerungen,Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, Bielefeld 2005, ISBN 3-89534-621-7 (19,- EUR )
 
(translation: Bad Oeynhausen between War and Peace - End of the War and Occupation in documents and memories of contemporary witnesses; Publishing House for regional History Bielefeld 19 Eur = ca. 15 GBP )
 
1. Bad Oeynhausen - Main railway Station. I think a lot of BAOR soldiers know this building
 
2. The Kurhaus today (See photo of Kurpark above)
 
3. Hotel Konigshof today (The Lions are still there)
 
4. Part of the side of the Hotel Konigshof and part of the Kurpark
 
5. A view of part of Am Kurpark
 
An aerial view of Bad Oeynhausen in 1926
Blue dot (centre bottom) is the Main Railway Station (photo 1)
Yellow dot (top centre) is the Kurhaus (photo 2)
Red and orange dots (centre) are the Hotel Konigshof (photos 3 and 4)
Purple/Magenta dot (below and right of Hotel) is part of the Kurpark (photo 5)
(The coloured dots unfortunately lost a lot of colour in uploading - Paul)
 
Text and photographs courtesy of Dirk Frodermann